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Tree Structure and Nested Data


For nested data sets Tabulator allows you to structure your rows as a tree, allowing users to collapse and expand nested sets of rows.

Loading Example...
Source Code


<div id="example-table"></div>


var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    {title:"Name", field:"name", width:200, responsive:0}, //never hide this column
    {title:"Location", field:"location", width:150},
    {title:"Gender", field:"gender", width:150, responsive:2}, //hide this column first
    {title:"Favourite Color", field:"col", width:150},
    {title:"Date Of Birth", field:"dob", align:"center", sorter:"date", width:150},

Nested Table Data

var tableDataNested = [
    {name:"Oli Bob", location:"United Kingdom", gender:"male", col:"red", dob:"14/04/1984", _children:[
        {name:"Mary May", location:"Germany", gender:"female", col:"blue", dob:"14/05/1982"},
        {name:"Christine Lobowski", location:"France", gender:"female", col:"green", dob:"22/05/1982"},
        {name:"Brendon Philips", location:"USA", gender:"male", col:"orange", dob:"01/08/1980", _children:[
            {name:"Margret Marmajuke", location:"Canada", gender:"female", col:"yellow", dob:"31/01/1999"},
            {name:"Frank Harbours", location:"Russia", gender:"male", col:"red", dob:"12/05/1966"},
    {name:"Jamie Newhart", location:"India", gender:"male", col:"green", dob:"14/05/1985"},
    {name:"Gemma Jane", location:"China", gender:"female", col:"red", dob:"22/05/1982", _children:[
        {name:"Emily Sykes", location:"South Korea", gender:"female", col:"maroon", dob:"11/11/1970"},
    {name:"James Newman", location:"Japan", gender:"male", col:"red", dob:"22/03/1998"},

To enable data trees in your table, set the dataTree property to true in your table constructor:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {

Data Structure

In order to build a table with nested data you must structure your data in a certain way.

If a row is to have child rows, these child data objects must be provided as an array to the rows _children property:

    {id:1, name:"Billy Bob", age:"12", "_children":[
        {id:2, name:"Mary May", age:"1"}, //child rows nested under billy bob
        {id:3, name:"Christine Lobowski", age:"42"},
        {id:4, name:"Brendon Philips", age:"125", "_children":[
            {id:5, name:"Margret Marmajuke", age:"16"}, //child rows nested under brendon philps
            {id:6, name:"Frank Peoney", age:"12"},
    {id:7, name:"Jenny Jane", age:"1"},
    {id:8, name:"Martha Tiddly", age:"42", "_children":[
        {id:9, name:"Frasier Franks", age:"125"}, //child row nested under martha tiddly
    {id:10, name:"Bobby Green", age:"11"},

Custom Child Rows Field

By default Tabulator will look for child rows in the _children field of a row data object. You can change this to look in a different field using the dataTreeChildField property in your table constructor:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeChildField:"childRows", //look for the child row data array in the childRows field


Tabulator provides a number of ways to customise the layout of the data tree.

Collapse and Expand Elements

The toggle button that allows users to collapse and expand the column can be customised to meet your needs. There are two options, dataTreeExpandElement and dataTreeCollapseElement, that can be set to replace the default toggle elements with your own.

Both options can take either an html string representing the contents of the toggle element

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeCollapseElement:"<i class='fas fa-minus-square'></i>", //fontawesome toggle icon

Or a DOM element representing the toggle

//create font awesome icon
var expandEl = document.createElement("i");

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeExpandElement:expandEl, //assign element as expand element

Toggle Element Column

By default the toggle element will be inserted into the first column on the table. If you want the toggle element to be inserted in a different column you can pass the feild name of the column to the dataTreeElementColumn setup option

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeElementColumn:"name", //insert the collapse/expand toggle element in the name column

Branch Element

The branch element is the right angled line running from parent to child to indicate its position in the tree.

Hide the branch element

The branch element can be turned off by setting the dataTreeBranchElement propety to false in the table constructor:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeBranchElement:false, //hide branch element

Replace the Branch Element

Alternatively the branch element can be replaced with one of your choosing. As with the other tree elements this can be provided either as HTML or as a DOM element.

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeBranchElement:"<img class='branch-icon' src='/branch.png'/>", //show image for branch element

Child Indentation

When a child row is displayed under its parent it is indented to make the distinction clearer. The size of the indent can be set by passing an integer representing the number of pixels for the indent to the dataTreeChildIndent property in the table constructor:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeChildIndent:15, //indent child rows by 15 px

Initial Expansion State

By default all nodes on the tree will start collapsed, you can customize the initial expansion state of the tree using the dataTreeStartExpanded option.

This option can take one of three possible value types, either a boolean to indicate whether all nodes should start expanded or collapsed:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeStartExpanded:true, //start with an expanded tree

An array of booleans to indecate how each level of the tree should be expanded:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeStartExpanded:[true, false], //start with first level expanded, second level collapsed

Or a function that will be passed in a row component and the level of that row in the table (starting at 0), it should return a boolean value to indicate the rows expansion state:

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    dataTreeStartExpanded:function(row, level){
        return row.getData().driver; //expand rows where the "driver" data field is true;

Component Actions

You can use the row component passed into any of Tabulator's callbacks to trigger tree events on that row.

var table = new Tabulator("#example-table", {
    rowClick:function(e, row){
        //e - the click event object
        //row - row component

        row.treeCollapse(); //collapse the rows children

Expand Row

The treeExpand function will expand current row and show its children.


Collapse Row

The treeCollapse function will collapse current row and hide its children.


Toggle Row

The treeToggle function will toggle the collapsed state of the current row.


Get Parent Row

The getTreeParent function will return the Row Component for the parent of this row. If no parent exists, a value of false will be returned.

var parent = row.getTreeParent();

Get Child Rows

The getTreeChildren function will return an array of Row Components for this rows children.

var children = row.getTreeChildren();


A range of callbacks are available for tracking tree update events. See the Data Tree Callbacks section for more information.